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Table 1 Comparison of patients with and without SBP

From: Ascitic calprotectin as a useful marker in the diagnosis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in adults

 NoneSBPP
n = 40n = 40
Age (years)54.75 ± 8.1955.75 ± 7.640.574NS
Males25 (62.5%)26 (65%)0.816NS
Females15 (37.5%)14 (35%)
HCV30 (75%)31 (77.5%)0.793NS
HBV10 (25%)9 (22.5%)
CTP B12 (30%)4 (10%)0.025S
CTP C28 (70%)36 (90%)
Total bilirubin (mg/dL)2.3 (1.28)4.2 (4.9)0.001S
Albumin (mg/dL)2.25 (1.1)1.8 (0.8)0.006S
AST (U/L)77.50 (28)73 (17.25)0.083NS
ALT (U/L)46.00 (26.25)43 (21.25)0.146NS
Hemoglobin (g/dL)10.10 ± 1.7110.11 ± 1.140.969NS
WBCs (μL)4150 (5475)9800 (4375)0.001S
Platelets (μL)89,000 (22,250)82,500 (32,750)0.008S
INR1.9 (0.7)3.4 (1.45)0.001S
Creatinine (mg/dL)1.1 (0.85)1.65 (1.4)0.274NS
CTP10.5 ± 1.9712.18 ± 1.740.001S
MELD19 (8)26.5 (11)0.001S
Ascitic PMN65 (76.75)657.5 (652)0.001S
Ascitic total protein0.41 (0.85)0.8 (0.75)0.004S
Ascitic albumin0.11 (0.35)0.22 (0.38)0.025S
Ascitic glucose126 (110)125.5 (116.75)0.769NS
Ascitic LDH20.65 (26.65)101 (198.25)0.001S
Serum NO (μM)15.5 (8.78)17 (12.2)0.357NS
Ascitic NO (μM)5.6 (6.4)6.2 (4.5)0.739NS
Serum CRP (mg/dL)12 (11.5)49 (66.25)0.001S
Serum hsCRP (ng/dL)23,750 (52,200)58,000 (0)0.001S
Ascitic calprotectin (ng/mL)1.1 (0.6)7.57 (6.76)0.001S
Ascitic leucocyte esterase +ve1 (2.5%)38 (95%)0.001S
  1. CTP Child-Pugh, CRP C-reactive protein, hsCRP High sensitivity C-reactive protein, LDH Lactate dehydrogenase, MELD Model for End-Stage Liver Disease, NS Non-statistically significant, NO Nitrous oxide, S Statistically significant, PMN Polymorphonuclear leucocyte count
  2. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation for normally distributed data, median (interquartile range) for data that lacks normal distribution and number (percentage) for nominal data.