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Table 1 Baseline characteristics, investigations, and scores

From: Prediction of esophageal varices in patients with HCV-related cirrhosis using albumin-bilirubin, platelets-albumin-bilirubin score, albumin-bilirubin-platelets grade, and GAR

 No EVsEVsp
N = 458N = 203
Age (years)40.48 ± 11.38
40 (17)
51.16 ± 8.55
51 (9)
0.001#
SexFemale131 (28.6%)65 (32.0%)0.406
Male327 (71.4%)138 (68.0%)
IHA Sch.Negative320 (89.4%)43 (78.2%)0.025
Positive38 (10.6%)12 (21.8%)
Total bilirubin (mg/dL)1.26 ± 1.74
0.85 (0.5)
2.01 ± 2.16
1.5 (1.4)
0.001#
Albumin (mg/dL)3.96 ± 0.82
4.2 (0.8)
3.09 ± 0.81
3.1 (1.1)
0.001#
AST (U/L)55.43 ± 41.26
45 (34)
78.40 ± 115.99
59 (47)
0.001#
ALT (U/L)55.59 ± 48.14
45 (34)
57.41 ± 75.28
46 (39)
0.912#
GGT (U/L)64.47 87.14
32 (56.5)
63.70 ± 69.60
34 (52)
0.338#
Hemoglobin (g/dL)13.48 ± 1.51
13.5 (2.1)
12.25 ± 3.06
12 (2.8)
0.001#
WBCs (/mm3)6.52 ± 7.16
5.9 (3)
4.60 ± 1.44
4.45 (2)
0.001#
Platelets (109/L)175.99 ± 66.72
175 (90)
92.42 ± 39.39
89 (54)
0.001
Platelets (/mm3)≥ 150109/L308 (96%)13 (4%)0.001
< 150109/L150 (44.1%)190 (55.9%)
INR1.17 ± 0.28
1.1 (0.2)
1.33 ± 0.28
1.3 (0.2)
0.001#
Portal vein diameter (cm)11.39 ± 1.53
11 (2)
13.17 ± 2.36
13 (2)
0.001#
Splenic vein diameter (cm)9.28 ± 1.09
9 (1)
9.60 ± 1.51
9 (1)
0.052#
Transient elastography (kPa)17.54 ± 6.46
16.8 (7.9)
31.92 ± 13.29
29.6 (16.7)
0.001#
ALBI score− 2.58 ± 0.84
− 2.84 (0.7)
− 1.71 ± 0.81
− 1.68 (1.16)
0.001#
ALBI grade1310 (67.7%)31 (15.3%)0.001
291 (19.9%)106 (52.2%)
357 (12.4%)66 (32.5%)
ALBI-PLT score2.83 ± 1.04
2 (2)
3.99 ± 0.88
4 (1)
0.001#
ALBI-PLT grade2249 (54.4%)17 (8.4%)0.001
385 (18.6%)29 (14.3%)
478 (17%)96 (47.3%)
546 (10%)61 (30%)
PALBI score− 2.46 ± 0.51− 2.09 ± 0.550.001
PALBI grade1252 (55%)46 (22.7%)0.001
2128 (27.9%)55 (27.1%)
378 (17%)102 (50.2%)
GAR1.82 ± 5.03
0.83 (1.28)
1.57 ± 1.61
0.99 (1.2)
0.197#
  1. EVs esophageal varices, IHA Sch indirect hemagglutination of schistosomiasis
  2. #Mann-Whitney test. Data are represented as mean ± standard deviation, number (percentage) for nominal data and median (interquartile range) for data out of normal distribution