Skip to main content

Table 3 Surgery and pathology

From: Liver resection of hepatocellular carcinoma in HIV-HCV co-infected patients: a retrospective case series

  HIV+/HCV+ HIV−/HCV+ p-value
Diagnosis-to-treatment interval (months), mean ± SD 1.2 ± 0.55 2.39 ± 1.09 0.039
Type of procedure, n (%)
 Resection 5 (100) 10 (90.9) 0.99
 Resection + ablation 0 1 (9.09)
Surgical procedure, n (%)
 Open 2 (40) 8 (72.72) 0.299
 Laparoscopy 3 (60) 3 (27.27
Type of resection, n (%)
 Wedge resection 2 (40) 9 (81.81) 0.244
 Segmentectomy 3 (60) 2 (18.18)
Pringle maneuver, n (%) 1 (20) 3 (27.27) 0.99
Operative time (min), mean ± SD 244 ± 89 306 ± 50 0.232
Intraoperative transfusions, n (%)
 Red blood cells 1 (20) 4 (36.36) 0.99
Histological evaluation
 Number of nodules, n 5 14a  
 Mean (range) 1 (1; 1) 1.27 (1; 2) 0.242
 Largest nodule diameter (mm) 27 ± 14.83 30.7 ± 12.46 0.53
 mean ± SD
Edmondson-Steiner grading, n (%)
 1–2 4 (80) 7 (63.63) 0.99
 3–4 1 (20) 4 (36.36)  
Microvascular invasion, n (%) 2 (40) 3 (27.27) 0.99
Satellitosis, n (%) 1 (20) 1 (9.09) 0.99
Residual tumor, n (%)
 R0 5 (100) 10 (90.91) 0.99
 R1 0 1 (9.09)  
Surgical margin (mm), mean ± SD 6.25 ± 4.57 4 ± 3.57 0.473
  1. aSD standard deviation, one nodule identified at imaging was treated with RFA