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Table 1 Patients’ demographic and laboratory data

From: Predicting in-hospital mortality of cirrhotic patients hospitalized with hepatic encephalopathy

Variables Improved (n = 101) Deceased (n = 99) Test of significance p-value
Age (years) 60.22 ± 8.45 61.97 ± 9.38 t = 1.389 0.166
Sex (n (%))     0.402
 Males 64 (63.4) 57 (57.6) χ2 = 0.701  
 Females 37 (36.6) 42 (42.4)   
Bilirubin (mg/dl) 4.80 ± 6.03 6.43 ± 7.33 U = 4425.0 0.160
Albumin (g/dl) 2.93 ± 0.47 2.12 ± 0.43 t = 8.202 < 0.001*
ALT (IU/l) 41.98 ± 37.61 49.17 ± 42.43 U = 3740.0 0.005*
AST (IU/l) 68.20 ± 56.25 94.25 ± 82.41 U = 3735.0 0.002*
ALP (IU/l) 121.03 ± 59.23 126.27 ± 69.83 U = 4311.5 0.093
GGT (IU/l) 58.96 ± 56.17 63.43 ± 69.92 U = 4949.0 0.902
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 10.21 ± 1.95 10.12 ± 1.74 t = 0.370 0.712
WBCs (× 103/mm3) 10.27 ± 6.51 11.55 ± 7.24 U = 4433.0 0.166
Platelets (× 103/mm3) 109.40 ± 40.13 107.73 ± 41.57 U = 4896.0 0.801
INR 1.60 ± 0.42 2.1 ± 0.48 U = 2920.0 < 0.001*
Creatinine (mg/dl) 1.21 ± 0.93 1.86 ± 1.02 U = 3874.5 0.006*
Urea (mg/dl) 97.96 ± 64.36 102.38 ± 66.05 U = 33863.0 0.121
Na (mEq/l) 129.55 ± 7.18 122.75 ± 6.53 t = 7.012 < 0.001*
K (mg/dl) 4.44 ± 0.88 4.38 ± 0.91 t = 0.489 0.626
  1. Na sodium, K potassium, ALT alanine aminotransferase, AST aspartate aminotransferase, ALP alkaline phosphatase, GGT gamma glutamyl transferase, PLT platelets, INR international normalized ratio, WBC white blood cells
  2. *Statistically significant value