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Table 1 Demographic, clinical, and endoscopic characteristics of the patients:

From: Self-expandable metallic stents (SEMS) in esophageal varices post-band ulcer refractory bleeding: a retrospective study

Characteristics Range  
Age, years (mean ± SD) 35–75 56.6 ± 9.4
Gender (male) NO %   24 (85.7%)
Cirrhosis aetiology (HCV/HBV) NO %   24 (85/7%)/4
Diabetes NO %   13 (46.4%)
Hypertension NO %   3 (10.7%)
Smokers NO %   9 (32.1%)
HCC NO %   5 (17.85%)
PVT NO %   6 (21.4%)
SBP at admission   12 (42.86%)
CTP class (A/B/C) NO %   3 (10.7%)/15 (53.6%)/10 (35.7%)
CTP score (mean ± SD) 5–12 8.6 ± 1.8/median 8
MELD at admission (mean ± SD) 8–42 15.7 ± 6.3
MELD Na at admission (mean ± SD) 10–42 20 ± 6.4
ALBI at admission (mean ± SD) − 2.36 to − 0.14 − 1.36 ± 0.58
Post band bleeding presentation time 2–14 days Median 10 days
Mean blood pressure (mean ± SD) 53–97 75 ± 10.8
Hemoglobin at admission g/dl (mean ± SD) 6.2–13.2 8.2 ± 1.45
Units of transfused blood (NO) 0–16 Median 2 units
Prophylactic antibiotics (NO)
- 3rd cephalosporins   - 18
- Quinolones   - 4
- combined   - 6
Portal decompressive drugs (NO)
- Sandostatin   - 14
- glypressin   - 14
OVs size (small:large) NO %   15 (53.57%)/ 13 (46.43%)
Post band ulcer NO %
- Type A   - 9 (32.14%)
- Type B   - 7 (25%)
- Type C   - 12 (42.86%)