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Table 1 Comparative demographic, clinical, and laboratory data of both groups

From: Concordance of 24- and 48-h diagnostic follow-up ascitic fluid polymorphonuclear leukocyte count in the guidance of the antibiotic therapy in spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

  Group I Group II p
N=124 (31.1%) N=275 (68.9%)
Age, years 52.65 ±10.60 51.57 ±11.82 0.432
Males 87 (30.7%) 196 (69.3%) 0.821
Hypertension 18 (25%) 54 (75%) 0.163
Diabetes mellitus 58 (39.7%) 88 (60.3%) 0.003
Proton pump inhibitors 18 (25%) 54 (75%) 0.163
B-blockers 22 (32.4%) 46 (67.6%) 0.904
Total bilirubin, mg/dL 2.61 ±2.4 2.40 ±3.6 0.386
Albumin, g/dL 2.46 ±0.49 2.52 ±0.52 0.237
AST, U/L 89.30 ±72.62 79.24 ±67.94 0.181
ALT, U/L 53.04 ±40.65 51.73 ±42.17 0.772
Urea, mg/dL 109.78 ±72.02 102.94 ±78.10 0.408
Creatinine, mg/dL 1.88 ±1.51 1.60 ±1.5 0.065
Sodium, mmol/L 128 ±8 129 ±7 0.030
Hemoglobin, g/dL 10.10 ±2.75 10.50 ±2.3 0.597
WBCs, ×103/μL 9.55 ±5.85 9.20 ±5.6 0.300
Platelets, ×103/μL 101.50 ±55 102.00 ±69 0.955
CTP score 9.7±2.5 9.6±2.2 0.630
AFPC baseline, cell/mm3 975 ±1445 1000 ±1380 0.419
AFPC 24h, cell/mm3 1100 ±1700 800 ±970 0.001
AFPC 24h percent drop −10.17 ±35 −28.09 ±24 0.001
AFPC 24h ≥25% drop 16 (9.4%) 154 (90.6%) 0.001
AFPC 48h, cell/mm3 900 ±1590 500 ±630 0.001
  1. AFPC ascitic fluid polymorphonuclear leukocyte count, AST aspartate aminotransferase, ALT alanine aminotransferase, WBCs white blood cells, CTP Child-Pugh Score