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Table 1 Demographic data, symptoms, signs, and lab findings of the studied patients

From: Prevalence and risk factors of endoscopically confirmed gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in patients with liver cirrhosis

Variable Cirrhotic patients (n=100)
Age, range / mean ± SD 41–72 / 57.2±7.91
Sex, male / female 68 (68%) / 32 (32%)
Smokers 43 (43%)
Typical GERD symptoms (heart burn and regurgitation) 42 (42%)
Ascites (n = 62)  
 Mild 29 (46.8%)
 Moderate 22 (35.5%)
 Marked 11 (17.7%)
Child class  
 Class A 36 (36%)
 Class B 41 (41%)
 Class C 23 (23%)
Esophageal varices (n = 82)  
 Grade 1 14 (17.1%)
 Grade 2 16 (19.5%)
 Grade 3 52 (63.4%)
Endoscopic GERD (n = 83)  
 Grade A 24 (28.9%)
 Grade B 29 (34.9%)
 Grade C 23 (27.7%)
 Grade D 7 (8.5%)
Laboratory findings  
 Serum albumin, mean ± SD (2.5±0.3)
 Total bilirubin, mean ± SD (3.1±0.4)
 INR, mean ± SD (1.5±0.25)
 Platelets, mean ± SD (116.3±7.4)
  1. GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease, INR international normalization ratio