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Table 2 Comparison between studied groups regarding bacteremia and procalcitonin results (n = 99)

From: Bacteremia as a risk factor for variceal upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding in cirrhotic patients: a hospital-based study

  Group (I) Group (II) Group (III) Test P
Patient with first attack of bleeding (n = 35) Patient with recurrent bleeding (n = 35) Control patients (n = 29)
No. % No. % No. %
Blood culture
Positive 16 45.7% 21 60% 7 24.1% χ2, 8.53 0.001
  E.coli 10 28.6% 14 40% 4 13.8%
  Staph. 4 11.4% 5 14.3% 2 6.9%
  Klebseilla 2 5.7% 2 5.7% 1 3.4%
Negative 19 54.3% 14 40% 22 75.9%
Procalcitonin (ng/ml)
Positive 15 42.9% 21 60% 6 20.7% χ2, 10.0 0.006
Negative 20 57.1% 14 40% 23 79.3%
Procalcitonin (ng/ml), median (range) 0.325 (0.12-2.8) 1.92 (0.10-2.96) 0.22 (0.11-2.19) KW, 7.422 0.024