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Table 1 Demographic and baseline characteristics of the study groups (n = 99)

From: Bacteremia as a risk factor for variceal upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding in cirrhotic patients: a hospital-based study

  Group (I) Group (II) Group (III) Test p
Patient with first attack of bleeding (n = 35) Patient with recurrent bleeding (n = 35) Control patients (n = 29)
No. % No. % No. %
Age (years)
Mean ± SD 54 ± 9.6 53.7 ± 10.11 53.7 ± 9 F, 0.008 0.99
Sex
Male 23 65.7% 19 54.3% 17 58.6% χ2, 0.965 0.78
Female 12 34.3% 16 45.7% 12 41.4%
HE
No 29 82.9% 25 71.4% 25 86.2% χ2, 5.25 0.26
Grade I 3 8.6% 2 5.7% 0 0%
Grade II 3 8.6 8 22.9% 4 13.8%
Ascites
No 10 28.6% 4 11.4% 14 48.3% χ2, 17.13 0.0088
Minimal 4 11.4% 3 8.6% 0 0%
Moderate 9 25.7% 15 42.9% 12 41.4%
Severe 12 34.3 5 13 37.1% 3 10.3%
Virology
Negative 3 8.6% 3 8.6% 4 13.8% χ2, 3.85 0.42
HBV 2 5.7% 7 20% 4 13.8%
HCV 30 85.7% 25 71.4% 21 72.4%
  Group (I)
Patient with first attack of bleeding (n = 35)
Group (II)
Patient with recurrent bleeding (n = 35)
Group (III)
Control patients (n = 29)
Test p
WBC (×103/mm3), median (range) 9.8 (3.3 – 12.8) 9.0 (1.7 – 14.5) 9.6 (4.3-12) KW, 0.607 0.715
Hemoglobin (g/dl), mean ± SD 8.54 ± 1.96 8.35 ± 1.58 10.56 ± 1.11 F, 17.7 < 0.001
Platelet (×103/mm3), mean ± SD 110.11 ± 39.9 86.17 ± 31.55 115.2 ± 23.6 F, 7.4 0.001
INR, median (range) 1.39(1.02-2.45) 1.65 (1.09-2.65) 1.22 (1.04-2.17) KW, 17.8 < 0.0001
Creatinine (mg/dl), median (range) 0.99 (0.45-1.6) 0.98 (0.25-2.5) 0.77 (0.46-4.3) KW, 2.79 0.247
Urea (mg/dl), median (range) 24 (11-66) 27 (14–82) 25 (13-32.2) KW, 0.64 0.64
Albumin (g/dL), mean ± SD 2.8 ± 0.44 2.66 ± 0.61 2.98 ± 0.46 F, 2.91 0.05
Total bilirubin (mg/dl), median (range) 1.26 (0.3-4.4) 1.44 (0.59-35.3) 1.19 (0.51-30.9) KW, 1.22 0.5
Direct bilirubin (mg/dl), median (range) 0.77 (0.11-2.99) 0.78 (0.12-30.57) 0.84 (0.16-20.8) KW, 0.17 0.9
Spleen diameter (cm), median (range) 12 (9-16) 13.5 (10-16) 10.5 (10-11) KW, 9.86 < 0.001
PV diameter (mm), mean ± SD 13.76 ± 0.5 13.78 ± 0.47 13.74 ± 0.47 F, 0.066 0.93