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Table 2 Univariate analysis of risk factors for chronic liver disease

From: Risk factors for chronic liver disease in population of Central India: a case-control study from rural India

  Cases (n = 200) Controls (n = 200) Odds ratio (95% CI) Chi-square P value
Occupation
 Farmer 100 (50%) 143 (71.5%) 0.40 (0.26-0.62) 19.34 0.00001
 Laborer 14 (7%) 20 (10%) 0.68 (0.31-1.46) 1.16 0.28
 Service 16 (8%) 13 (6.5%) 1.25 (0.55-2.85) 0.33 0.56
 Student 6 (3%) 0 (0%)   6.08 0.03
 Housewife 19 (9.5%) 13 (6.5%) 1.51 ( 0.69-3.35) 1.22 0.26
 Shopkeeper 45 (22.5%) 11 (5.5%) 4.99 (2.39-10.61) 24 0.00002
Alcohol consumption (g/day)
 0-19 62 (24.7%) 189 (75.3%)    
 20-59 31 (77.5%) 9 (22.5%) 10.50 (4.48-25.25) 44.08 0.00001
 60-79 78 (97.5%) 2 (2.5%) 118.89 (27.58-720) 131.3 0.00001
  > 80 29 (100%) 0 (0.0%)   67.95 0.00001
Past diseases
 Hypertension 26 (13%) 26 (13%) 1 (0.54-1.86) 0 1
 Diabetes 20 (10%) 2 (1%) 11 (2.44-69.09) 15.55 0.00008
 Pulmonary TB 3 (1.5%) 0 (0%)   3.02 0.24
 IHD 5 (2.5%) 0 (0%)   5.05 0.061
 COPD 1 (0.5%) 0 (0%)   1 1
 HIV 1 (0.5%) 0 (0%)   1 1
 Sickle cell disease and trait 2 (1%) 0 (0%)   2.01 0.49
BMI (kg/m2)
 Underweight (0-18.49) 24 (12%) 87 43.5%) 0.18 (0.1-0.3) 49.37 0.000001
 Normal (18.5-24.99) 125 (62.5%) 91 (45.5%) 2 (1.3-3) 11.61 0.00065
 Overweight (25-29.99) 48 (24%) 17 (8.5%) 3.40 (1.1-6.4) 17.61 0.000027
 Obese (> 30) 3 (1.5%) 5 (2.5%) 0.59 (0.1-2.9) 0.51 0.7237
Viral markers
 HbsAg 13 (6.5%) 0 (0%)   13.44 0.00025
 HCV 03(1.5%) 0 (0%)   3.02 0.12
Lipid profile (mg/dl)
TCL    0.09 (0.02-0.32) 22.9 0.000001
  > 200 3 29
  < 200 197 171
HDL    1.87 (0.87-4.04) 3.04 0.0809
  < 35 23 13
  > 35 177 187
LDL    0.26 (0.09-0.71) 8.91 0.0028
  > 130 6 21
  < 130 194 179
TG    1.34 (0.09-2.61) 0.88 0.3476
  > 150 26 20
  < 150 174 180