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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of participants with Budd–Chiari syndrome (n = 60)

From: A study of the different parameters in acute and chronic Budd–Chiari syndrome

Gender
 Male
 Female
 
21 (35.0%)
39 (65.0%)
Age (years); mean ± SD 37.68 ± 12.78
Ethnicity
 Fars
 Turke
 Arabs
 Lurs
 Kurds
 Baloch
 Mazandarani
 Turkomen
 
22 (36.7 %)
15 (25.0%)
5 (8.3%)
5 (8.3%)
4 (6.7%)
4 (6.7%)
3 (5.0%)
2 (3.3%)
Past medical history
 Myeloproliferative neoplasms
 Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
 Myelodysplastic syndromes
 Antiphospholipid syndrome
 Protein C deficiency
 Lymphoma
 Positive human immunodeficiency virus
 Systemic lupus erythematosus
 Pseudotumor cerebri
 Diabetes mellitus
 
5 (8.3%)
3 (5.0%)
2 (3.3%)
1 (1.7%)
1 (1.7%)
1 (1.7%)
1 (1.7%)
3 (5.0%)
1 (1.7%)
3 (5.0%)
Cigarette smoking 19 (31.7 %)
Alcohol use 12 20.0 (%)
Abdominal pain 46 (76.7%)
Jaundice 29 (48.3%)
Ascites 60 (100.0%)
Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis 1 5 (8.3%)
Gastrointestinal bleeding 1 16 (26.7%)
Encephalopathy 14 (23.3%)
Renal failure 12 (20.0%)
Hospital length of stay (days); mean ± SD 11.22 ± 7.98
Mortality 6 (10.0%)
  1. 1Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis was defined as ascitic fluid polymorphonuclear leukocyte count ≥ 250 cells/mm3 and positive ascitic fluid culture; gastrointestinal bleeding including hematemesis and melena