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Table 1 Characteristics and small bowel changes in studied groups

From: Small-bowel mucosal changes in Egyptian cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension using capsule endoscopy versus single-balloon enteroscopy

 Group IGroup IIGroup IIIp value
No varicesWith varicesControl
N = 40N = 40N = 60
Age
Range26–4825–5025–540.45
Mean ± SD34.85 ± 6.3235.85 ± 9.337.67 ± 8 
Sex
Male N (%)20 (50%)22 (55%)32 (53.3%)0.9
Female N (%)20 (50%)18 (45%)28 (46.7%) 
Etiologyns
HCV36 (90%)34 (85%) 
HBV4 (10%)6 (15%) 
Small bowel changes22 (55%)24 (60%)4 (6.6%)0.001
Inflammatory/vascular (%)10/40 (25%)16/40 (40%) 
SB finding
Edematous villi and erosions4 (10%)10 (25%)2 (3.3%)I vs II
Angioectasia6 (15%)0 (0%)  
Varices2(5%)duodenal4 (10%) duodenal jejunal varix 0.58
Edematous villi and erosions + angioectasia4 (10%)4 (10%) I vs II vs III
Edematous villi and erosions + varices2 (5%) jejunal varix2(5%) duodenal varix 0.006
Angiodysplasia4(10%)4(10%)2(3.3%)
  1. HCV hepatitis C virus, HBV hepatitis B virus, SB small bowel